Therefore we have decided, among other things, to clear new housing projects only when the applicant submits a plan ensuring collection, transportation and disposal of waste”, the environment minister Prakash Javadekar said, adding, “It has also been made compulsory to cover the construction site to ensure that no dust billows out during the work”. Similarly, on plastic waste, she added: “The brands which we are talking about are big ones like Pepsi Co and Britannia. But there are some bad decisions as well, like mandating segregation of dry, wet and hazardous waste without a concrete roadmap. More focus on creation of waste processing facilities with better involvement of state governments and local bodies has also been envisaged, besides integrating the rag-picker community into a formal sector.
Financial assistance should be sought through CSR”. Besides, absence of any clear penal provisions for violations adds to the problem of inadequate execution. More focus on creation of waste processing facilities. Although these measures may seem to bring some relief to the growing pollution in the country, there is no plausible explanation of how the administration would implement changes at such a vast scale. “Every year 530 million tonnes of this waste is generated. As environment minister Prakash Javadekar exhorted, the moot point is to segregate, collect, treat and dispose the waste.) and hazardous (sanitary napkins, diapers etc)Imposing user fee for waste collection and spot fine for litteringMandating bulk producers (markets, events, etc) to ensure collection to hold producers responsible to collect back all waste generated from their productspermission for new constructions and demolitions (C&D) to be given only when a plan for waste management is submitted large generators of C&D waste to pay charges for proper disposalAmbit of new regulations extended beyond municipal areas, to urban agglomerations, census towns, industrial townships, airports, ports, defence establishments, SEZs, places of pilgrimage, religious and historical places etc in case of solid wasteThe new plastic waste rules would cover all villages Shopkeepers providing plastic bags should register themselves and pay Rs 4,000 per month to the government The thickness of plastic increased from 40 micron to 50 micron.
There are some good steps taken, like in solid waste management rules the government has clearly demarcated roles and their plan to integrate rag pickers would help decentralisation.A ministry source said that since the notification of new rules in March, the environment ministry has already written to the state governments to start the implementation process. Deciphering on the new possible methods to ensure collection of another emerging major source of pollution — e-waste — through possible mechanisms like buy back, deposit refund schemes, e-waste exchange, e-retailer etc, a senior environment ministry official explained: “Suppose we take the example of Apple phones which are sold in several hundreds. However, as experts point out the task is not easily achievable.“The disposal of waste to landfill sites is another concern that has not been addressed properly while formulating new laws.17 million tonnesAnnual Construction and Demolition waste generation alone – 530 million tonnes Per capita waste generation ranges from 200 gram to 600 gram per dayTotal waste collected per annum is 43 million tonnes out of which only 11.90 million tonnesBiomedical – 0. Ms Bharti said: “The extended producers’ responsibility is a good step and it can be done. “It is a little complicated to put things in place but industries like plastic have to be pressurised by the government to adhere to rules like EPR”, added Ms Bharti. If only 30 per cent of the wasted e-waste could be processed through proper channels, the situation will improve drastically”. Some standout changesSegregate solid waste at source by separating it in three parts – wet (bio-degradable), dry (plastic, paper, metal, wood etc.Except solid waste management rules, which were changed after 16 China automatic blowing machine Factory years in 2016, new acts for all other waste categories replaced existing Waste (Management and Holding) rules of 2011.9 million tonnes is treated while 31 million is dumped in landfill sitesOut of 75-80 per cent of municipal waste that gets collected only 22-28 per cent is processed and treatedAccording to environment ministry estimates waste generation is expected to rise from 62 million tonnes to about 165 million tonnes by 2030 and 436 million tonnes by 2050Only 552 compost plants, 56 bio-methanation plants, 22 RDF plants, 13 waste to energy plants as per CPCB (2013-14)As per planning commission task force report, untapped waste can generate 439 MW of power. The local municipal bodies have been arbitrarily asked to decide the amounts to be levied on offenders, the source added. The concerns like what will happen to existing overused landfills which are major cause of pollution and what is the exact plan of action to allocate new ones must be shed some light upon”, added another expert. However, the response has been mundane, prompting them to convene a meeting. Who will do that ”, asked Ms Bharti Chaturvedi, founder and director of Chintan, an environment research and action group. Five categories whose management rules saw restructuring are: solid waste, plastic waste, e-waste, biomedical waste and hazardous waste.
They should be able to ensure that the plastic generated from their products is brought back”.6 million tonnesE-waste – 15 lakh million tonnesHazardous waste – 7. Before we can achieve that, it is essential to bring about behavioural change through awareness. Still, it seems to be a long, bumpy road ahead.FOR GRAPHICSTotal waste generated every year in India – 62 million tonnesPlastic waste – 5. The management of construction and demolition waste is another challenge the government has acknowledged for the first time. For instance, in case of e-waste manufacturers like Apple or Samsung or any other, the waste can be collected back with the help of NGOs. The ministry also introduced a new sixth category that has emerged as the main source of air pollution in and around India’s major cities — the construction and demolition waste.While the job of identifying and allocating suitable land for setting up processing and disposal facilities for various waste after proper coordination rests with the Centre, some of the duties assigned to the local authorities and panchayats include preparation of waste management plans, arrange for collection of segregated waste, prescribe user fee wherever applicable. Just before the completion of two-years of the BJP-led NDA government in power, the environment ministry overhauled the waste management regulations in the country. Through new rules, we can ensure collection.While the main thrust in all the categories has been extended producers’ responsibility, plan to levy user fee and spot fine in some cases has also been introduced for the first time.Just before the completion of two-years of the BJP-led NDA government in power, the environment ministry overhauled the waste management regulations in the country
نوشته شده در چهارشنبه ۲۵ دی ۱۳۹۸ساعت 10:12
برچسب ها : China 72 cavity-Preform Mould Factory,
Plastic has other carcinogens as well including PVC, dioxin, and styrene, all of which are linked to cancer. When the food is heated, the food touching the plastic receives the chemicals leaching out. It may also lead to recurrent miscarriages. The BPA we ingest gets into our bloodstream and may lead to a series of problems like infertility, hormonal changes, changes in gender traits and even different types of cancers. Scientists have found that heating food in plastic containers in a microwave oven can cause high blood pressure, affect fertility, and damage the brain functioning.
Glass never transfer chemicals the same way as plastic, and is much safer for heating your meals in. A report from FDA states that chemicals, mostly BPA, adversely effects both male and female fertility,” she said. An increase in plastic use in everyday lifestyles could be a contributing factor, causing an increase of infertility worldwide.On that note, heating plastic containers in the microwave releases 95 percent of all chemicals.According to a study released by American society of reproductive health, BPA inhibits embryo implantation as well, and hence it is linked to higher level of In vitro-fertilization failure.Dr Swati, a Hyderabad based gynecologist, suggests we should try and minimise the use of plastic as much as possible and pack food in glass containers.Plastic has other carcinogens as well including PVC, dioxin, plastic cap compression molding machine and styrene, all of which are linked to cancer. (Photo: Pixabay) Food microwaved in plastic containers can put you or your unborn child at a greater risk of infertility, diabetes, obesity and cancer.
Eating those chemicals can increase risks of cancer, infertility and havoc on the normal functioning of reproductive systems and your brain,” she added.. They also have side effects on animals causing testicular cancer, genital deformations, low sperm counts, and infertility in a number of species, including polar bears, deer, whales, and others,” said Dr Nitasha Gupta, IVF expert, Indira IVF Hospital, New Delhi.The level of exposure to BPA is so high that regular monitoring by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that more than 90 percent of the general population has detectable level of bisphenol A in their bodies.“The most hazardous chemicals in plastic containers are bisphenol A, commonly known as BPA, and phthalate.“The disturbing truth is that heat transfers the chemicals in plastic very effectively into your food.Scientists have found heating micorwaving food in plastic containers can cause high BP, affect fertility, damage brain functioning
نوشته شده در شنبه ۱۴ دی ۱۳۹۸ساعت 15:11
برچسب ها : plastic cap compression molding machine,
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» Glass never transfer chemicals the same way as plastic (شنبه ۱۴ دی ۱۳۹۸ | ۱۵:۱۱)
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